Magazine Société

Composition du nouveau gouvernement sud-africain

Publié le 10 mai 2009 par Sylvainrakotoarison
(dépêches)
http://www.politicsweb.co.za/politicsweb/view/politicsweb/en/page72308?oid=128222&sn=Marketingweb%20detail
Jacob Zuma announces cabinet choices
The Presidency
10 May 2009
Pravin Gordhan appointed finance minister, Trevor Manuel to head up planning commission
Statement by President Jacob Zuma on the appointment of the new Cabinet, May 10 2009
Members of the media,
Good afternoon and thank you for joining us.
We have since the launch of the ANC Manifesto indicated the type of new administration we envisaged in terms of size, shape and political focus.
We wanted a structure that would enable us to achieve visible and tangible socio-economic development within the next five years.
It should be a structure which would enable us to effectively implement our policies.
The structure of Cabinet and national departments has therefore been re-organised to achieve better alignment between the structure, our electoral mandate as per our election Manifesto, and the developmental challenges that need to receive immediate attention from government.
In summary, some of the changes in the structure of government are the following:
Following extensive research on international models on how governments in other parts of the world plan and monitor performance, we have decided to establish a National Planning Commission which will be based in the Presidency.
The NPC will be responsible for strategic planning for the country to ensure one National Plan to which all spheres of government would adhere.
This would enable us to take a more comprehensive view of socio-economic development in the country.
 
We have also created a monitoring and evaluation competency in the Presidency, to monitor and evaluate the performance of government in all three spheres.
There will therefore be two Ministers in the Presidency, one responsible for the NPC and the other for Monitoring and Evaluation as well as administration in the Presidency.
Other changes are the following:
The Department of Minerals and Energy will be split into two separate departments of Mining and of Energy, each with a Minister.
The Department of Education will be split into separate Ministries, one for Basic Education and the other for Higher Education and Training.
The Department of Housing will be called the Department of Human Settlements to take on a more holistic focus.
There will be a new department of Rural Development and Land Affairs, which are part of our key priorities for the next five years.
The Department of Water affairs and Forestry becomes the Department of Water and Environmental Affairs.
A new Department of Economic Development has been established to focus on economic policymaking. The implementation functions will remain with the Department of Trade and Industry.
A new department of Tourism has been created.
Agriculture becomes Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry.
The Department of Provincial and Local Government becomes Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs.
A new Ministry has been created for Women, Youth, Children and People with Disability, to emphasise the need for equity and access to development opportunities for the vulnerable groups in our society.
The Cabinet that will fulfill our objectives is composed as follows:
The Deputy President of the Republic of South Africa will be Mr Kgalema Petros Motlanthe.
The rest of Cabinet in alphabetical order is as follows:
1.
 Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
 Tina Joemat-Peterson
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
 Dr Pieter Mulder
 
2.
 Minister of Arts and Culture
 Lulu Xingwana
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Arts and Culture
 Paul Mashatile
 
3.
 Minister of Basic Education
 Angie Motshekga
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Basic Education
 Enver Surty
 
4.
 Minister of Communications
 Siphiwe Nyanda
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Communications
 Dina Pule
 
5.
 Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs
 Sicelo Shiceka
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs
 Yunus Carrim
 
6.
 Minister of Correctional Services
 Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Correctional Services
 Hlengiwe Mkhize
 
7.
 Minister of Defence and Military Veterans
 Lindiwe Sisulu
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Defence and Military Veterans
 Thabang Makwetla
 
8.
 Minister of Economic Development
 Ebrahim Patel
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Economic Development
 Gwen Mahlangu-Nkabinde
 
9.
 Minister of Energy
 Dipuo Peters
 
10.
 Minister  of Finance
 Pravin Gordhan
 
 
 Deputy Minister  of Finance
 Nhlanhla Nene
 
11.
 Minister of Health
 Dr Aaron Motsoaledi
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Health
 Dr Molefi Sefularo
 
12.
 Minister of Higher Education and Training
 Dr Blade Nzimande
 
13.
 Minister of Home Affairs
 Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Home Affairs
 Malusi Gigaba
 
14.
 Minister of Human Settlements
 Tokyo Sexwale
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Human Settlements
 Zou Kota
 
15.
 Minister of International Relations and Cooperation
 Maite Nkoana-Mashabane
 
 
 Deputy Minister of International Relations and Cooperation (1)
 Ebrahim Ismail Ebrahim
 
 
 Deputy Minister of International Relations and Cooperation (2)
 Sue van der Merwe
 
16.
 Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development
 Jeff Radebe
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development
 Andries Nel
 
17.
 Minister of Labour
 Membathisi Mdladlana
 
18.
 Minister of Mining
 Susan Shabangu
 
19.
 Minister of Police
 Nathi Mthethwa
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Police
 Fikile Mbalula
 
20.
 Minister of Public Enterprises
 Barbara Hogan
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Public Enterprises
 Enoch Godongwana
 
21.
 Minister for the Public Service and Administration
 Richard Baloyi
 
 
 Deputy Minister for the Public Service and Administration
 Roy Padayachie
 
22.
 Minister of Public Works
 Geoff Doidge
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Public Works
 Hendrietta Bogopane-Zulu
 
23.
 Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform
 Gugile Nkwinti
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform
 Dr Joe Phaahla
 
24.
 Minister of Science and Technology
 Naledi Pandor
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Science and Technology
 Derek Hanekom
 
25.
 Minister of Social Development
 Edna Molewa
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Social Development
 Bathabile Dlamini
 
26.
 Minister of Sport and Recreation
 Makhenkesi Stofile
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Sport and Recreation
 Gert Oosthuizen
 
27.
 Minister of State Security
 Siyabonga Cwele
 
28.
 Minister in The Presidency (1)
National Planning Commission
 Trevor Manuel
 
29.
 Minister in The Presidency (2)
Performance Monitoring and Evaluation as well as Administration in the Presidency
 Collins Chabane
 
30.
 Minister of Tourism
 Marthinus van Schalkwyk
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Tourism
 Thozile Xasa
 
31.
 Minister of Trade and Industry
 Rob Davies
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry (1)
 Thandi Tobias
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry (2)
 Maria Ntuli
 
32.
 Minister of Transport
 Sbusiso Joel Ndebele
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Transport
 Jeremy Cronin
 
33.
 Minister of Water and Environmental  Affairs
 Buyelwa Sonjica
 
 
 Deputy Minister of Water and Environmental  Affairs
 Rejoice Mabhudafhasi
 
34.
 Minister of Women, Youth, Children and People with Disabilities
 Noluthando Mayende-Sibiya
 
We stated clearly during the campaign that we want an efficient, caring and effective administration, which will be accessible and responsive to the needs of the people.
We reiterate that we will not tolerate laziness and incompetence, and that we will emphasise excellence and achievement from the Cabinet and the public service.
With these objectives in mind, I am confident that the new structure of government will enable the state machinery to speed up service delivery.
Civil servants will not lose their jobs as a result of these changes. This is a matter of principle in terms of the country's labour relations dispensation.
I however want to stress to our public servants that the era of hard work has begun. Public servants who do their work diligently and efficiently have nothing to worry about.
I wish the new team all the best with their responsibilities.
We request the South African public and all key sectors of our society to support them in their national service.
Let me also take this opportunity to wish all South African mothers well on Mother's Day today.
Mothers are the backbones of our families, communities and our nation.
We truly appreciate their role in our society, in both the public sphere and within families.
I thank you.
Issued by The Presidency, May 10 2009
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Trevor Manuel kicked upstairs
Reuters
10 May 2009
Outgoing finance minister to head powerful new planning body based in presidency
PRETORIA (Reuters) - Trevor Manuel was appointed to head a powerful new planning body on Sunday, keeping South Africa's former finance minister at the heart of policy-making in President Jacob Zuma's first cabinet.
A day after taking office, Zuma named tax authority chief Pravin Gordhan to replace Manuel in another sign of continuity as Africa's biggest economy heads towards its first recession in 17 years.
"I think the positions that the financial markets were worried about have been skilfully handled," said independent analyst Nic Borain.
Manuel had been in the job for 13 years, making him the world's longest-serving finance minister. Investors approved of the tight monetary and fiscal policies he kept in place.
"Comrade Trevor Manuel has been given a new structure, a very powerful structure that is going to work out a national plan of government," said Zuma who expects a positive financial market reaction to Gordhan's appointment.
As well coping with the fallout from the global financial crisis, Zuma also faces pressure to deliver on 15 years of promises by his ruling African National Congress (ANC) to tackle widespread poverty, crime and AIDS, and create jobs.
The ANC won an election landslide on April 22, keeping the dominance it has held since the end of apartheid in 1994. Zuma made his way to the presidency despite facing trials for rape and corruption. All the charges were dropped.
His toughest task may be balancing the interests of unions and communists who helped him rise to the top against those of investors who fear he will steer the economy to the left.
Some of the more vocal left-wingers found places in the cabinet, but not holding key economic portfolios.
COMMUNISTS
South African Communist Party General-Secretary Blade Nzimande was named minister of higher education and training.
"He certainly put his own staff on the cabinet which I think is a good thing," said Nel Marais, acting managing director at Executive Research Associates.
"There are quite a few strong new faces in the cabinet that played a significant role in Zuma's political fight for survival in the past few months."
Zuma also reached out to Afrikaners, many of whom feel excluded 15 years after the end of white minority rule. He named the deputy agriculture minister from the Freedom Front, which explicitly aims to protect Afrikaner interests.
Top businessman Tokyo Sexwale, who returned to politics two years ago, became minister of human settlements.
But Zuma left out Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, who is back in parliament after a fraud conviction. The ex-wife of anti- apartheid symbol Nelson Mandela had been tipped for a cabinet post despite being seen by many as a divisive figure.
Possibly in a sign of tougher measures against violent crime before next year's soccer World Cup finals in South Africa, Zuma created a new ministry specifically for the police.
Zuma named his predecessor, Kgalema Motlanthe, as his deputy. Motlanthe had served in a caretaker role since Zuma's rival, former President Thabo Mbeki, was forced from office last September by the ANC.
Although markets were expected to welcome the key economic appointments, some pundits questioned how effectively Manuel's new planning commission and another new economic ministry would work with trade and finance ministries.
"All those, plus deputies, will be fighting for the same bowl. Coordination from that point of view is going to be hugely problematic," said Marais.
http://www.politicsweb.co.za/politicsweb/view/politicsweb/en/page72308?oid=128245&sn=Marketingweb%20detail
Zuma cabinet largely bad news - Helen Zille
Helen Zille
10 May 2009
DA leader says growth in size of executive adds financial and administrative burden
Zuma cabinet revamp raises more questions than answers
With few exceptions, President Jacob Zuma's new cabinet is bad news for South Africa.  Although several serial under-performers of the Mbeki era have been dropped (such as Dr Manto Tshabala-Msimang, Ngconde Balfour, Mandisi Mpahlwa and Charles Nqakula) others have been retained, and in some instances moved to crucial portfolios.
In addition a host of sinecure deputy ministries have been created, more to solve the ANC's internal political problems at taxpayers' expense, than to add value to service delivery.
The President's decision to revamp the structure of cabinet also raises more questions than it provides answers. It remains to be seen whether the splitting of certain portfolios and the creation of a planning commission within the Presidency will have any positive effect on service delivery.
The cabinet has grown substantially in size, to 34 Ministers, adding a significant cost and administrative burden. Of particular importance in this regard is the creation of a National Planning Commission based in the Presidency. While the DA welcomes the appointment of Trevor Manuel as the head of the commission, we will fiercely resist any attempts by this Ministry or the newly created Cooperative Governance Ministry to undermine the constitutionally entrenched autonomy of the three spheres of government.
We will also watch two critical new appointments very closely, namely that of Ebrahim Patel as the head of the newly created Ministry of Economic Development and that of Pravin Gordhan as the new Minister of Finance. We hope that these appointments do not herald a departure from sound macro-economic policy making and implementation and that there will not be a radical overhaul of economic policy, simply to appease COSATU and the SACP.  President Zuma is heavily indebted to both these organisations for his political resurrection, and the Cabinet is clearly structured to repay these debts. If President Zuma was to threaten international investor confidence to repay political debts, it would be a serious setback for South Africa's attempts to weather the global financial crisis and establish a sound basis for future investment and economic growth.
It remains to be seen how much power the new Economic Development Department is granted, and to what extent this power may infringe on the previous responsibilities of the Department of Finance. If the Department of Finance has been downgraded to the role of mere budget-making, then this move constitutes a real concern.
Of particular concern is the appointment of Angie Motshekga as Minister of Basic Education and Blade Nzimande as Minister of Higher Education.  Angie Motshekga is known for her infamous statement, in defence of Julius Malema, that an education is not a necessary requirement for leadership.  Blade Nzimande, as the Minister of Higher Education, is a Marxist ideologue, whose appointment raises concerns about the future of higher education in a global knowledge economy.
The DA is relieved that there is no place in the Zuma Cabinet for a number of ministers from the previous administration whose tenures were nothing short of disastrous. These include Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, Ngconde Balfour, Mandisi Mpahlwa and Charles Nqakula. It is however lamentable Nosizwe Mapisa-Nqakula has been shifted to the critical portfolio of Correctional Services when her time as Minister of Home Affairs saw her lurch lethargically from one crisis to another.
Other appointments which raise alarm bells include the appointment of Susan Shabangu as the Minister of Mines, a critical industry for South Africa's long term economic growth, the shifting of the highly effective Barbara Hogan from Health to Public Enterprises in what appears to be punishment for her outspoken comments on the Dalai Lama, and the appointment of Jeff Radebe to the exceptionally important Justice Ministry.
Radebe has left a great deal of mess for his successor at the Department of Transport to deal with and it is unlikely that he will perform any better at the department of Justice. Shabangu's appointment is concerning, given her woeful tenure as Deputy Minister of Minerals and Energy.
The cabinet announced today needs to be given time to properly judge its performance. The DA for its part will watch each of these ministries very closely and hold them to account for any misstep. We will do everything in our power to ensure that each new minister respects the constitution and that corruption and mismanagement is appropriately dealt with.
Statement issued by Democratic Alliance leader, Helen Zille, May 10 2009
http://www.politicsweb.co.za/politicsweb/view/politicsweb/en/page72308?oid=128250&sn=Marketingweb%20detail
Pieter Mulder appointed deputy minister
Sapa
10 May 2009
Freedom Front Plus leader says his party will remain a critical opposition
PRETORIA (Sapa) - Freedom Front Plus leader Pieter Mulder said on Sunday President Jacob Zuma had "reached out to Afrikaners" by appointing him as Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
"President Jacob Zuma has in the recent past on various occasions reached out to the Afrikaner and other minorities," Mulder said after his appointment.
"President Zuma has now followed it up after the election by offering a deputy minister's position to the FF Plus in continuation of his reaching out to the Afrikaner."
Mulder said he had broadly engaged with Afrikaner cultural and Agricultural organisations about the issue and asked their advice about the offer.
"Their overwhelming and unanimous reaction was that the hand of cooperation which is being extended to us should not summarily be slapped away but should be seen as an opportunity," he said.
The FF Plus would make use of the opportunity by raising issues such as Afrikaans universities and education, name changes, affirmative action and poverty, self-determination, the status of the Afrikaner enclave Orania, and general minority rights.
The FF Plus saw the acceptance of the offer as a political experiment which held specific advantages for South Africa, Mulder said.
"For our supporters and for the agricultural community. The decision will however, from time to time, have to be re-evaluated on the hand of certain guidelines in order to ensure that the objectives of this are still being attained."
Mulder dismissed the idea of a coalition between his party and the ANC.
"There is no question about a coalition or any other similar agreements between the ANC and the FF Plus," he said.
"In talks about the issue, President Zuma agreed that the FF Plus retains its autonomy as a political party, as well as its critical role as opposition party in full."
Asked about Mulder's appointment, Zuma said the ANC's approach was to "cooperate with other political parties".
"Pieter Mulder is a South African who belongs to a particular political party.
"The approach of the ANC is how to cooperate with other political parties. I think this is good for the country," Zuma said.
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ANC caucus congratulates new cabinet members
ANC parliamentary caucus
10 May 2009
New team composed of capable and experienced men and women
 ANC Caucus Statement on the new Executive
The ANC Parliamentary Caucus welcomes and congratulates members of the Executive of the fourth democratic government, whose appointments were announced by the President of the Republic this afternoon.
The composition of the team is consistent with the kind of government that the ANC has committed itself in its 2009 elections manifesto: "a government with both experience and political will, a government that fully understands what needs to be done to address our apartheid past, a government that puts people first (batho pele) and builds a participatory democracy".
This new team of capable and experienced men and women ushers in a new era of intensified government service delivery.  As Caucus we are confident that working together with the people, the new executive will lead the country on the path to realizing the vision of renewal articulated by the President of the Republic yesterday.
We wish the new Ministers and Deputy Ministers well and assure each one of them of our unwavering support as they begin the critical task of serving the needs and aspirations of our people.
Statement issued by the ANC Parliamentary Caucus, Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, Cape Town, May 10 2009


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